Urol Clin North Am. Longo DL, et al. Whatever protocol is used, the likelihood of success is greatest in the most distal true undescended testicles. It confirms the high rate of this phenomenon seen later in childhood and may offer an explanation for the high rate of orchidopexies performed later in childhood. The surgical options are testicular removal orchidectomy or surgery to bring the testis into the scrotum orchidopexy.
J Epidemiol Community Health 37 —
The Undescended Testicle: Diagnosis and Management
The cremaster reflex can also be stimulated by rubbing the genitofemoral nerve on the inner thigh and by extreme emotion, such as anxiety. Although this is a rare complication of routine orchiopexy, a meta-analysis 29 of the urologic literature suggested an 8 percent failure rate of orchiopexy, even in the distal undescended testis, and failure of more than 25 percent of orchiopexies for intra-abdominal testes. Examination in the early postoperative period one to two weeks after surgery allows the physician to assess wound healing and remove any fixating sutures. Expert Database Find experts with knowledge in: The success of either form of treatment depends on the position of the testicle at diagnosis.